Treatment for thalassemia depends on which type you have and how severe it is.
Treatments for mild thalassemia
Signs and symptoms are usually mild with thalassemia minor and little, if any, treatment is needed. Occasionally, you may need a blood transfusion, particularly after surgery, after having a baby or to help manage thalassemia complications. 
Treatment for moderate to severe thalassemia
Treatments for moderate to severe thalassemia may include:
  • Frequent blood transfusions. More-severe forms of thalassemia often require frequent blood transfusions, possibly every few weeks. Over time, blood transfusions cause a buildup of iron in your blood, which can damage your heart, liver and other organs. To help your body get rid of the extra iron, you may need to take medications that rid your body of extra iron.
  • Stem cell transplant. Also called a bone marrow transplant, a stem cell transplant may be used to treat severe thalassemia in select cases. Prior to a stem cell transplant, you receive very high doses of drugs or radiation to destroy your diseased bone marrow. Then you receive infusions of stem cells from a compatible donor. However, because these procedures have serious risks, including death, they’re generally reserved for people with the most severe disease who have a well-matched donor available — usually a sibling.

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Since 1386 and while investigating the medical protocol of patients with Thalassemia and drawing up a timetable for 150 patients at the Special Diseases Center regarding the periodical visits of cardio, glands, hearing ability, bone density,… as well as need assessment and evaluation of patients we realized two important issues. The emotional and consultation needs of patients, their dental problems and concern for oral health are three main concerns. The face and mouth are the first areas of a person-healthy or unhealthy- which are exposed to the surrounding environment and this in many cases can manifest signs of disease and lead to a communication between the dentists and the patient.

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A person who has thalassemia must stick to a specific diet. Foods that are considered healthy for most people can cause serious complications for thalassemia patients. Thalassemia is a group of genetic blood disorders that can cause life long health problems. That’s why it’s important to know which food a thalassemia patient can and cannot eat.

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