Nutrition, Vitamins Support

Thalassemia is a blood disorder characterized by a low amount of hemoglobin and fewer red blood cells than normal. There are several types of thalassemia; each is inherited. Because thalassemia is characterized by a low red blood cell count, it often leads to fatigue. Following the proper diet can help prevent complications from the disorder and reduce the severity of fatigue.

Iron Overload

The most common cause of death in people who have thalassemia is heart disease that occurs as a result of iron overload, according to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Thalassemia often requires blood transfusions, which increase the amount of red blood cells in the blood, thus the amount of iron as well. To avoid iron overload, follow a low-iron diet when receiving blood transfusions. Proteins that are high in iron and should be avoided include liver, oysters, pork, beans, beef, peanut butter and tofu. Grains that are iron rich include flour tortillas, infant cereal, and cream of wheat. Fruits and vegetables that contain iron and should be avoided include prunes, watermelon, peas, broccoli, raisins, spinach, and leafy green vegetables.Avoid foods such as orange juice, which can increase the body’s ability to absorb iron.Don’t cook with iron pots and pans because some of that can seep into the food.

Low-Iron Diet

If you eat too much iron, the iron in your blood may accumulate to toxic levels. A significant amount of iron is found in a variety of foods, including proteins, grains, fruits and vegetables. Proteins that contain a high amount of iron include oysters, liver, beef, beans, pork, peanut butter and tofu. Grains with the most iron include flour tortillas, cream of wheat and fortified packaged cereals. You should also eliminate prunes, prune juice, spinach, watermelon, dates, raisins, broccoli, peas and leafy green vegetables.

Important Nutrients

It is also important that you consume adequate amounts of folate, calcium and vitamin D. Work with your doctor or a dietitian to determine your needs, then try to meet them daily. The best sources of folate often contain high amounts of iron. Because of this, it may be necessary to take a folic acid supplement. The best sources of calcium include dairy products, such as milk, yogurt and cheese. The best sources of vitamin D are fortified milk, yogurt, salmon and sardines. You can also meet your vitamin D needs by getting about 15 minutes of sunlight daily. Your skin can synthesize vitamin D with the help of ultraviolet rays from the sun.Eat plenty of foods that contain calcium. This is extremely important for keeping the bones strong and healthy. This is crucial for people who have thalassemia since frail and brittle bones can be a complication of the disease. Dairy products are a good source of calcium. An added benefit is that dairy products reduce the body’s ability to absorb iron.

Tea and coffee can help reduce the amount of iron the body absorbs.купить красочные футболки для девочек в екатеринбургевладимир мунтян семьяпродувочные